Locus Summary

Gene:MIR10B; microRNA 10b
Aliases: MIRN10B, mir-10b, miRNA10B, hsa-mir-10b
Summary:microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
Databases:miRBase, OMIM, HGNC, Ensembl, GeneCard, Gene
Source:NCBIAccessed: 01 September, 2019

Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1994-2019)
Graph generated 01 September 2019 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

  • Lung Cancer
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Nucleic Acids
  • rhoC GTP-Binding Protein
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Transcription Factors
  • Staging
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Bone Cancer
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Down-Regulation
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
  • Cancer Gene Expression Regulation
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Cell Movement
  • Chromosome 2
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • RT-PCR
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • MicroRNAs
  • Gene Expression
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Apoptosis
  • Wound Healing
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Base Sequence
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14
  • Liver Cancer
  • Tongue Neoplasms
  • WW Domain-Containing Oxidoreductase
Tag cloud generated 01 September, 2019 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

Specific Cancers (8)

Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.

Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).

MicroRNA Function

Numbers shown below represent number of publications held in OncomiRDB database for Oncogenic and Tumor-Suppressive MicroRNAs.

TissueTarget Gene(s)Regulator(s)MIR10B Function in CancerEffect
brain (6)
-glioma (3)
-glioblastoma (1)
-mesenchymal subtype of glioblastoma multiforme (1)
-glioblastoma stem cells (1)
CSMD1 (1)
CDKN1A (1)
TFAP2C (1)
HOXD10 (1)
BCL2L11 (1)
CDKN2A (1)
inhibit apoptosis (3)
promote cell migration (2)
promote cell invasion (2)
increase cell invasion (1)
increase angiogenesis (1)
promote cell proliferation (1)
promote cell growth (1)
reduce cell cycle arrest (1)
reduce tumor growth (1)
oncogenic (5)
breast (4)
-breast cancer (4)
SDC1 (1)
HOXD10 (1)
TIAM1 (1)
TWIST1 (2)
SRC (1)
CD44 (1)
promote cell invasion (2)
increase cell migration (1)
increase cell invasion (1)
inhibit cell migration (1)
inhibit cell invasion (1)
promote cell migration (1)
promote metastasis (1)
oncogenic (3)
tumor-suppressive (1)
nerve (3)
-neuroblastoma (2)
-malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (1)
NCOR2 (1)
NF1 (1)
SRSF1 (1)
promote cell differentiation (2)
reduce cell proliferation (1)
reduce cell migration (1)
reduce cell invasion (1)
tumor-suppressive (1)
stomach (2)
-gastric cancer (2)
HOXD10 (1)
MAPRE1 (1)
DNA hypermethylation (1)
increase cell invasion (1)
decrease colony formation (1)
decrease cell growth (1)
oncogenic (1)
tumor-suppressive (1)
head and neck (1)
-nasopharyngeal carcinoma (1)
TWIST1 (1)
promote cell invasion (1)
promote metastasis (1)
oncogenic (1)
liver (1)
-hepatocellular carcinoma (1)
CADM1 (1)
increase cell migration (1)
increase cell invasion (1)
oncogenic (1)
esophagus (1)
-esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (1)
KLF4 (1)
increase cell motility (1)
increase cell invasion (1)
oncogenic (1)
colorectum (1)
-colorectal cancer (1)
BCL2L11 (1)
induce 5-FU chemoresistance (1)

Source: OncomiRDB Wang D. et al. Bioinformatics 2014, 30(15):2237-2238.

Latest Publications: MIR10B (cancer-related)

Wang S, Wu Y, Xu Y, Tang X
miR-10b promoted melanoma progression through Wnt/β-catenin pathway by repressing ITCH expression.
Gene. 2019; 710:39-47 [PubMed] Related Publications
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to contribute to malignant progression in melanoma. However, the roles and mechanisms of several miRNAs in melanoma remain poorly understood. In our study, we showed that miR-10b was significantly up-regulated in melanoma tissues and cell lines, and was associated with overall survival of melanoma patients. Inhibition of miR-10b dramatically suppressed melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, we defined ITCH as a direct and functional downstream target of miR-10b, and showed that there was an inverse correlation between the expression of ITCH and miR-10b on melanoma tissues. Down-regulation of ITCH partially attenuated the inhibitory effects of miR-10b inhibition on melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore,we found that miR-10b exerted its effects on melanoma by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Taken together, our results demonstrated that miR-10b was an important epigenetic modifier, promoting melanoma progression through regulating ITCH/Wnt/β-catenin pathway. These results offer a new strategy for epigenetic cancer therapy.

Xie Y, Zhao J, Liang Y, et al.
MicroRNA-10b controls the metastasis and proliferation of colorectal cancer cells by regulating Krüppel-like factor 4.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019; 47(1):1722-1729 [PubMed] Related Publications
Mir-10b has been reported as a key regulator of metastasis in many human tumours. Moreover, it has also been regarded as a prognostic marker and therapeutic target of colorectal cancer (CRC). Whether miR-10b could affect the metastasis and proliferation of CRC is unclear. MiR-10b expression was detected by qPCR in human CRC tissues and cell line, Luciferase activity was employed for miR-10b binding to the 3`UTR of KLF4, Genes expression were examined by western blot, and mRNA by qPCR. PI and Annexin V staining were used to evaluate the cell cycle and apoptosis. Cell proliferation was detected with MTT, and cell migration and invasion were performed with Transwell assay. We found that miR-10b expression was up-regulated in metastatic CRC tissues and cell lines. Inhibition of miR-10b prevented cancer cell metastasis and growth by inducing cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro. Moreover, we found that KLF4 was a direct target of miR-10b. MiR-10b inhibitor led to the up-regulation of E-cadherin expression and the down-regulation of cyclin D1, which were partly abrogated after silencing KLF4.

Szpechcinski A, Florczuk M, Duk K, et al.
The expression of circulating miR-504 in plasma is associated with EGFR mutation status in non-small-cell lung carcinoma patients.
Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019; 76(18):3641-3656 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), key regulators of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level, are grossly misregulated in some human cancers, including non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The aberrant expression of specific miRNAs results in the abnormal regulation of key components of signalling pathways in tumour cells. MiRNA levels and the activity of the gene targets, including oncogenes and tumour suppressors, produce feedback that changes miRNA expression levels and indicates the cell's genetic activity. In this study, we measured the expression of five circulating miRNAs (miR-195, miR-504, miR-122, miR-10b and miR-21) and evaluated their association with EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR (EGFR) mutation status in 66 NSCLC patients. Moreover, we examined the discriminative power of circulating miRNAs for EGFR mutant-positive and -negative NSCLC patients using two different data normalisation approaches. We extracted total RNA from the plasma of 66 non-squamous NSCLC patients (31 of whom had tumours with EGFR mutations) and measured circulating miRNA levels using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The miRNA expression levels were normalised using two endogenous controls: miR-191 and miR-16. We found significant associations between the expression of circulating miR-504 and EGFR-activating mutations in NSCLC patients regardless of the normalisation approach used (p = 0.0072 and 0.0236 for miR-16 and miR-191 normalisation, respectively). The greatest discriminative power of circulating miR-504 was observed in patients with EGFR exon 19 deletions versus wild-type EGFR normalised to miR-191 (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.81, p < 0.0001). Interestingly, circulating miR-504 levels were significantly reduced in the v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS)-mutated subgroup compared to EGFR-mutated patients (p < 0.0030) and those with EGFR/KRAS wild-type tumours (p < 0.0359). Our study demonstrated the feasibility and potential diagnostic value of plasma miR-504 expression analysis to distinguish between EGFR-mutated and wild-type NSCLC patients. However, quality control and normalisation strategies are very important and have a major impact on the outcomes of circulating miRNA analyses.

Mjelle R, Sjursen W, Thommesen L, et al.
Small RNA expression from viruses, bacteria and human miRNAs in colon cancer tissue and its association with microsatellite instability and tumor location.
BMC Cancer. 2019; 19(1):161 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNA) and other small RNAs are frequently dysregulated in cancer and are promising biomarkers for colon cancer. Here we profile human, virus and bacteria small RNAs in normal and tumor tissue from early stage colon cancer and correlate the expression with clinical parameters.
METHODS: Small RNAs from colon cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa of 48 patients were sequenced using Illumina high-throughput sequencing. Clinical parameters were correlated with the small RNA expression data using linear models. We performed a meta-analysis by comparing publicly available small RNA sequencing datasets with our original sequencing data to confirm the main findings.
RESULTS: We identified 331 differentially expressed miRNAs between tumor and normal samples. We found that the major changes in miRNA expression between left and right colon are due to miRNAs located within the Hox-developmental genes, including miR-10b, miR-196b and miR-615. Further, we identified new miRNAs associated with microsatellite instability (MSI), including miR-335, miR-26 and miR-625. We performed a meta-analysis on all publicly available miRNA-seq datasets and identified 117 common miRNAs that were differentially expressed between tumor and normal tissue. The miRNAs miR-135b and miR-31 were the most significant upregulated miRNA in tumor across all datasets. The miRNA miR-133a was the most strongly downregulated miRNA in our dataset and also showed consistent downregulation in the other datasets. The miRNAs associated with MSI and tumor location in our data showed similar changes in the other datasets. Finally, we show that small RNAs from Epstein-Barr virus and Fusobacterium nucleatum are differentially expressed between tumor and normal adjacent tissue.
CONCLUSIONS: Small RNA profiling in colon cancer tissue revealed novel RNAs associated with MSI and tumor location. We show that Fusobacterium nucleatum are detectable at the RNA-level in colon tissue, and that both Fusobacterium nucleatum and Epstein-Barr virus separate tumor and normal tissue.

Meerson A, Eliraz Y, Yehuda H, et al.
Obesity impacts the regulation of miR-10b and its targets in primary breast tumors.
BMC Cancer. 2019; 19(1):86 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases breast cancer (BC) risk in post-menopausal women by mostly unknown molecular mechanisms which may partly be regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs).
METHODS: We isolated RNA from paired benign and malignant biopsies from 83 BC patients and determined miRNA profiles in samples from 12 women at the extremes of the BMI distribution by RNA-seq. Candidates were validated in all samples. Associations between miR-10b expression and validated target transcript levels, and effects of targeted manipulation of miR-10b levels in a primary BC cell line on proliferation and invasion potential, were explored.
RESULTS: Of the 148 miRNAs robustly expressed in breast tissues, the levels of miR-21, miR-10b, miR-451a, miR-30c, and miR-378d were significantly associated with presence of cancer. Of these, miR-10b showed a stronger down-regulation in the tumors of the obese subjects, as opposed to the lean. In ductal but not lobular tumors, significant inverse correlations were observed between the tumor levels of miR-10b and miR-30c and the mRNA levels of cancer-relevant target genes SRSF1, PIEZO1, MAPRE1, CDKN2A, TP-53 and TRA2B, as well as tumor grade. Suppression of miR-10b levels in BT-549 primary BC-derived cells increased cell proliferation and invasive capacity, while exogenous miR-10b mimic decreased invasion. Manipulation of miR-10b levels also inversely affected the mRNA levels of miR-10b targets BCL2L11, PIEZO1 and NCOR2.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that miR-10b may be a mediator between obesity and cancer in post-menopausal women, regulating several known cancer-relevant genes. MiR-10b expression may have diagnostic and therapeutic implications for the incidence and prognosis of BC in obese women.

Manzanarez-Ozuna E, Flores DL, Gutiérrez-López E, et al.
Model based on GA and DNN for prediction of mRNA-Smad7 expression regulated by miRNAs in breast cancer.
Theor Biol Med Model. 2018; 15(1):24 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: The Smad7 protein is negative regulator of the TGF-β signaling pathway, which is upregulated in patients with breast cancer. miRNAs regulate proteins expressions by arresting or degrading the mRNAs. The purpose of this work is to identify a miRNAs profile that regulates the expression of the mRNA coding for Smad7 in breast cancer using the data from patients with breast cancer obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas Project.
METHODS: We develop an automatic search method based on genetic algorithms to find a predictive model based on deep neural networks (DNN) which fit the set of biological data and apply the Olden algorithm to identify the relative importance of each miRNAs.
RESULTS: A computational model of non-linear regression is shown, based on deep neural networks that predict the regulation given by the miRNA target transcripts mRNA coding for Smad7 protein in patients with breast cancer, with R
CONCLUSIONS: We developed a genetic algorithm to select best features as DNN inputs (miRNAs). The genetic algorithm also builds the best DNN architecture by optimizing the parameters. Although the confirmation of the results by laboratory experiments has not occurred, the results allow suggesting that miRNAs profile could be used as biomarkers or targets in targeted therapies.

Liang HX, Sun LB, Liu NJ
Neferine inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion of U251 glioma cells by down-regulation of miR-10b.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2019; 109:1032-1040 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Glioma is a common brain tumor, which is a serious threat to the life and health of human with high mortality rate. Recently, neferine (NEF) has been reported to play an important role in various cancers. In the study, we aimed to investigate the effect of NEF on human glioma cell line U251.
METHODS: U251 cells were pre-treated with different concentrations of NEF, and then CCK-8, BrdU, flow cytometry and transwell assays were used to test cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. Subsequently, the expression vectors of miR-10b mimic and miR-10b inhibitor were transfected into U251 cells, and the relative expression of miR-10b was examined by qRT-PCR. The main proteins of CyclinD1/p53/p16, pro-Caspase-3/-9, cleaved-Caspase-3/-9, MMP-9, Vimentin, PTEN/PI3K/AKT and p38MAPK signal pathways were determined by western blot assay.
RESULTS: NEF significantly suppressed cell proliferation, and induced apoptosis, as well as regulated CyclinD1, p53, p16 and cleaved-Caspase-3/-9 expressions in U251 cells. Moreover, NEF inhibited cell migration, invasion and decreased MMP-9 and Vimentin expression in U251 cells. Additionally, miR-10b expression was down-regulated in NEF-stimulated cells, and overexpression of miR-10b reversed the regulatory effects of NEF on U251 cells proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis. Additionally, we found that PTEN was a direct target of miR-10b in U251 cells. Besides, NEF deactivated PTEN/PI3K/AKT and p38MAPK signal pathways by down-regulation of miR-10b in U251 cells.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that NEF exerted anti-tumor effect by down-regulation of miR-10b and deactivation of PTEN/PI3K/AKT and p38MAPK signal pathways in glioma cells. These findings might provide a novel therapeutic strategy for glioma.

Nekoohesh L, Modarressi MH, Mowla SJ, et al.
Expression profile of miRNAs in urine samples of bladder cancer patients.
Biomark Med. 2018; 12(12):1311-1321 [PubMed] Related Publications
AIM: miRNAs have been suggested as biomarkers for bladder cancer. We aimed to find a diagnostic panel of miRNAs based on differential expression of miRNAs in urine specimens of patient with bladder cancer compared with control group.
METHODS: miR-141, miR-10b, miR-34b and miR-103 were selected to assess their expression in urine samples of 66 bladder cancer patients and 53 matched controls using quantitative real time PCR.
RESULTS: miR-10b and miR-34b were upregulated in cases compared with controls. The combination of four miRNAs showed a sensitivity of 75% and specificity of 63.5% with a diagnostic power of 72%.
CONCLUSION: Certain miRNAs can be used as biomarkers for early diagnosis of bladder cancer.

Yu M, Xu Y, Pan L, et al.
miR-10b Downregulated by DNA Methylation Acts as a Tumor Suppressor in HPV-Positive Cervical Cancer via Targeting Tiam1.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018; 51(4):1763-1777 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIMS: microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in diverse cancers. Although miR-10b is an oncogene implicated in many tumors, its role in cervical cancer (CC) remains largely unclear. Here, we investigated the function and underlying mechanisms of miR-10b in human CC.
METHODS: Quantitative RT-PCR was used to measure miR-10b expression in CC and normal tissues, and its association with clinicopathologic features was analyzed. Methylation of CpG sites in the miR-10b promoter was analyzed by methylation sequencing. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion assays were used to elucidate the biological effects of miR-10b and expression of the target gene was assayed with Western blot.
RESULTS: miR-10b was downregulated in CC tissues compared with normal tissues, and less miR-10b expression was associated with larger tumors, vascular invasion and HPV-type 16 positivity. miR-10b expression decreased in HeLa (HPV18-positive) and SiHa (HPV16-positive) cells compared with C-33A (HPV-negative), but increased after treatment with 5-Aza-CdR. Methylation ratio of site -797 in the miR-10b promoter in C-33A was lower than that in HeLa and SiHa. Further analysis indicates that site -797 is located within a transcription factor AP-2A (TFAP2A) binding element. Functionally, overexpression of miR-10b in HeLa and SiHa suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and induced apoptosis and miR-10b downregulation had opposite effects. Mechanistically, T-cell lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1) was identified as a direct and functional target of miR-10b.
CONCLUSION: miR-10b acts as a tumor suppressor in CC by suppressing oncogenic Tiam1, and its expression may be downregulated through methylation of TFAP2A binding element by HPV.

Lu YF, Yu JR, Yang Z, et al.
Promoter hypomethylation mediated upregulation of MicroRNA-10b-3p targets FOXO3 to promote the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2018; 37(1):301 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer is a high incident cancer worldwide with poor survival and limited therapeutic options. Alterations of microRNAs are common in cancers, and many of these micro RNAs are potential therapeutic and diagnostic targets to treat these cancers. miR-10b-3p located in chromosome region 2q31.1, and its expression is frequently increased in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the biological functions, clinical significance and therapeutic implications of miR-10b-3p in ESCC remain unclear.
METHODS: The expression levels of miR-10b-3p in ESCC specimens were analyzed by in situ hybridization (ISH) and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays. Ectopic overexpression of miR-10b-3p in ESCC cells, mouse xenograft model, and metastasis model were used to evaluate the effects of miR-10b-3p on proliferation, and migration of cancer cells. Luciferase reporter assay and Western blot were performed to validate the potential targets of miR-10b-3p after the preliminary screening by computer-aided microarray analysis.
RESULTS: We found that miR-10b-3p expression levels were significantly upregulated in the tumor tissues and serum samples of patients with ESCC. The expression levels of miR-10b-3p in both tumor tissues and serum samples were inversely associated with lymph node metastasis and clinical stages. We identified the expression level of miR-10b-3p in ESCC cancer samples as an independent prognostic marker of the overall survival rates of ESCC patients. We found more frequent hypomethylation of the CpG sites located upstream of the miR-10b-3p gene in the ESCC tissues compared with in the adjacent normal tissues, and the DNA methylation status of miR-10b-3p promoter region inversely correlated with the expression levels of miR-10b-3p. Ectopic overexpression of miR-10b-3p promoted cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion in ESCC. While knockdown of miR-10b-3p had the opposite effects, particularly in promoting apoptosis. Mouse xenograft model confirmed that miR-10b-3p functions as a potent oncogenic miRNA in ESCC, which also promoting ESCC metastasis. Mechanistically, we found miR-10b-3p regulated FOXO3 expression by directly binding to the 3'-untranslated region. And systemic delivery of miR-10b-3p antagomir reduced tumor growth and inhibit FOXO3 protein expression in nude mice.
CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our findings suggested upregulated expression of miR-10b-3p caused by promoter hypomethylation contributed to the progression of ESCC; Thus, miR-10b-3p is a potentially effective biomarker for ESCC that could have further therapeutic implications.

Tan Y, Gan M, Fan Y, et al.
miR-10b-5p regulates 3T3-L1 cells differentiation by targeting Apol6.
Gene. 2019; 687:39-46 [PubMed] Related Publications
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that have been proposed to control or fine-tune complex genetic pathways by post-transcriptional regulation of target genes. It was proved that numerous miRNAs have influence on the biology of adipocytes as well as on the function of adipose tissues. This study shows that miR-10b-5p expression was decreased in mice, rats, and human under obesity. In addition, the obtained results indicated that the expression level of miR-10b-5p was increased in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes without manifesting a significant role in 3T3-L1 cells proliferation. On the other hand, the downregulation of miR-10b-5p by the inhibitor played a role in 3T3-L1 cells differentiation and adipogenesis. Our results strongly suggest that Apol6 was the target gene of miR-10b-5p. The inhibition of miR-10b-5p promoted the differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells and adipogenesis by upregulating the Apol6 expression. Then, the upregulated Apol6 acted as an oncogene in certain obesity-related cancers. These results indicate that miR-10b-5p may have a therapeutic significance for obesity and obesity-related cancers.

Hashemi ZS, Forouzandeh Moghadam M, Khalili S, et al.
Additive effect of metastamiR-193b and breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 as an anti-metastatic strategy.
Breast Cancer. 2019; 26(2):215-228 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that enhancing the cellular levels of miR-193b as well as breast cancer-metastasis-suppressor-1 (BRMS1) protein is associated with diminished metastatic characteristics in breast cancer. In view of these facts, as a new therapeutic intervention, we employed a restoration-based strategy using both miR-193b-3p mimic and optimized BRMS1 in the context of a chimeric construct.
METHODS: miR-193b-3p and BRMS1 genes were cloned and the resulting plasmids were transfected into the MDA-MB231, MCF-7 and MCF-10A cell lines. microRNA expression levels were assessed by rea time PCR using LNA-primer and protein expression was confirmed by western blot method. Then, apoptosis, MTT, colony formation and invasion assays were carried out.
RESULTS: The expression levels of miR-146a, miR-146b and miR-373 were up-regulated, while the miR-520c, miR-335 and miR-10b were down-regulated following the exogenous BRMS1 expression. The exogenous over-expression of BRMS1 was associated with higher amounts of endogenous miR-193b-3p expression and enabled more efficient targeting of the 3'UTR of uPA. Although, miR-193b-3p and BRMS1 are individually capable of suppressing breast cancer cell growth, migration and invasion abilities, their cistronic expression was capable of enhancing the ability to repress the breast cancer cells invasion.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results collectively indicated the existence of an additive anti-metastatic effect between miR-193b-3p and BRMS1. Moreover, it has been hypothesized that the exogenous expression of a protein can effect endogenous expression of non-relevant microRNA. Our findings provide new grounds for miR-restoration therapy applications as an amenable anti-metastatic strategy.

Yang YL, Wang W, Xu LP
Predictive value of microRNA-10b expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in evaluating short- and long-term efficacy of chemotherapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Neoplasma. 2018; 65(4):610-619 [PubMed] Related Publications
The expression profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and the role of microRNAs (miRs) in NSCLC remain unclear. Herein, the present study aims to investigate predictive value of miR-10b expression in PBMCs in evaluating short- and long-term efficacy of chemotherapy for NSCLC patients. A total of 194 advanced NSCLC patients were selected as the NSCLC group and 199 healthy individuals were recruited as a control group. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was performed to determine the miR-10b expression in PBMCs. The patients with advanced NSCLC were treated with chemotherapy, and the relationship between miR-10b expression in PBMCs and the clinicopathological characteristics, clinical response to chemotherapy and prognosis were analyzed. The values of miR-10b in diagnosis and prediction of clinical response to chemotherapy before chemotherapy were detected by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the clinical response to chemotherapy by logistic regression analysis, and the risk factors of prognosis in NSCLC patients by Cox regression analysis. Compared with the control group, miR-10b in PBMCs was highly expressed in the NSCLC group. The area under the curve (AUC) of miR-10b expression in the diagnosis of NSCLC was 0.967, with sensitivity and specificity of 85.10% and 99.5%, respectively. MiR-10b expression was related to lymph node metastasis (LNM), distant metastasis, pathological types and differentiation. The AUC of miR-10b expression in the prognosis of advanced NSCLC was 0.793, with sensitivity and specificity of 75.20% and 76.62%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that clinical response to chemotherapy was significantly influenced by miR-10b expression, distant metastasis and LNM. Cox regression analysis showed that the high miR-10b expression, smoking, LNM and distant metastasis were risk factors of prognosis for advanced NSCLC patients. The present study offers intriguing new perspectives based on evidence that miR-10b expression in PBMCs has predictive value for the tumor response to chemotherapy and prognosis for advanced NSCLC patients.

Yoo B, Greninger P, Stein GT, et al.
Potent and selective effect of the mir-10b inhibitor MN-anti-mir10b in human cancer cells of diverse primary disease origin.
PLoS One. 2018; 13(7):e0201046 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Since microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) have been implicated in oncogenesis, many of them have been identified as therapeutic targets. Previously we have demonstrated that miRNA-10b acts as a master regulator of the viability of metastatic tumor cells and represents a target for therapeutic intervention. We designed and synthesized an inhibitor of miR-10b, termed MN-anti-miR10b. We showed that treatment with MN-anti-miR10b led to durable regression/elimination of established metastases in murine models of metastatic breast cancer. Since miRNA-10b has been associated with various metastatic and non-metastatic cancers, in the present study, we investigated the effect of MN-anti-miR10b in a panel of over 600 cell lines derived from a variety of human malignancies. We observed an effect on the viability of multiple cell lines within each cancer type and a mostly dichotomous response with cell lines either strongly responsive to MN-anti-miR10b or not at all even at maximum dose tested, suggesting a very high specificity of the effect. Genomic modeling of the drug response showed enrichment of genes associated with the proto-oncogene, c-Jun.

Cao J, Sun L, Li J, et al.
A novel three‑miRNA signature predicts survival in cholangiocarcinoma based on RNA‑Seq data.
Oncol Rep. 2018; 40(3):1422-1434 [PubMed] Related Publications
Accumulating evidence illustrates that many microRNAs (miRNAs) are abnormally expressed in cholangiocarcinoma and play important roles in tumorigenesis, tumor progression and metastasis. These miRNAs may serve as prognostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets. The aim of the present study was to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in cholangiocarcinoma tissues vs. normal tissues by analyzing high‑throughput data derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Furthermore, we evaluated the prognostic performance of the differentially expressed miRNAs and developed a novel three‑miRNA signature which predicted survival in cholangiocarcinoma patients. According to the cut‑off criteria of P<0.01 and |log2FC|>1.0, a total of 100 miRNAs (54 upregulated and 46 downregulated) were found to be differentially expressed and some of them were significantly associated with clinical features. Of the above 100 miRNAs, we obtained three miRNAs (miR‑10b, miR‑22 and miR‑551b) which were markedly related to patient overall survival (OS). Subsequently, a novel three‑miRNA signature was established and validated to be effective to predict survival. The results demonstrated that the survival rate, as well as the survival time of patients were obviously enhanced in relation to a lower miRNA signature index. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that the three‑miRNA signature was an independent prognostic factor in cholangiocarcinoma. The reliability of the three‑miRNA signature was validated by an independent cohort from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Furthermore, the functional enrichment analysis emphasized that the target genes of the aforementioned miRNAs may be involved in a variety of pathways and processes associated with cancer. Finally, these three miRNAs were detected for verification of expression using RT‑qPCR, and miR‑551b was selected for the verification of biological functions in cholangiocarcinoma cells. The results revealed that overexpression of miR‑551b decreased cancer cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. Collectively, the results of the present study indicated that a specific three‑miRNA signature could be considered as an alternative prognostic marker in cholangiocarcinoma.

Piasecka D, Braun M, Kordek R, et al.
MicroRNAs in regulation of triple-negative breast cancer progression.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2018; 144(8):1401-1411 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
PURPOSE: Dysregulation of miRNA profile has been associated with a broad spectrum of cellular processes underlying progression of various human malignancies. Increasing evidence suggests that specific microRNA clusters might be of clinical utility, especially in triple-negative breast carcinoma (TNBC), devoid of both predictive markers and potential therapeutic targets. Here we provide a comprehensive review of the existing data on microRNAs in TNBC, their molecular targets, a putative role in invasive progression with a particular emphasis on the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and acquisition of stem-cell properties (CSC), regarded both as prerequisites for metastasis, and significance for therapy.
METHODS: PubMed and Medline databases were systematically searched for the relevant literature. 121 articles have been selected and thoroughly analysed.
RESULTS: Several miRNAs associated with EMT/CSC and invasion were identified as significantly (1) upregulated: miR-10b, miR-21, miR-29, miR-9, miR-221/222, miR-373 or (2) downregulated: miR-145, miR-199a-5p, miR-200 family, miR-203, miR-205 in TNBC. Dysregulation of miR-10b, miR-21, miR-29, miR-145, miR-200 family, miR-203, miR-221/222 was reported of prognostic value in TNBC patients.
CONCLUSION: Available data suggest that specific microRNA clusters might play an important role in biology of TNBC, understanding of which should assist disease prognostication and therapy.

Zheng LJ, Yang D, Sun LJ, et al.
Different molecular subtypes of breast invasive ductal carcinoma.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2018 May-Jun; 32(3):553-563 [PubMed] Related Publications
This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics of breast invasive ductal carcinoma (BIDC) in patients with different molecular subtypes and identify possible correlation to prognosis. miR- 10b expression level was detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Tissue sections were collected and stained using the immunohistochemical method. The samples were grouped into human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, (HER2) overexpression, Triple negative, Luminal A and Luminal B groups. Age, tumor size, breast cancer molecular subtype, clinical stage, miR-10b positive expression, positive expression of Ki-67 and survival rate of patients diagnosed with BIDC were analyzed. The expression of miR-10b was down-regulated in the breast carcinoma tissues. Age and clinical stage were distinctly different among patients with different molecular subtypes of BIDC (p less than 0.05). Tumor size was not remarkably different (p less than 0.05) among different subtypes. The positive expression rate of miR-10b was lowest in patients with Luminal B BIDC; the positive expression of Ki-67 was in different correlation with the expression of different receptors, and there was a remarkable difference (p less than 0.05); moreover, the survival rate of patients with Luminal A and B BIDC was significantly higher compared to patients with other molecular subtypes (p less than 0.05). Clinical characteristics and prognosis of BIDC vary among different molecular subtypes. This study provides valuable input on BIDC therapy.

Obermannova R, Redova-Lojova M, Vychytilova-Faltejskova P, et al.
Tumor Expression of
Anticancer Res. 2018; 38(6):3719-3724 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIM: In Western countries, most patients with gastric cancer (GC) present in advanced stages. Therefore, there is imminent clinical need for novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Deregulation of microRNAs has been reported as a frequent event in GC development in a number of studies. Our study validated the potential of microRNAs to serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in patients with GC from the Central European population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, expression levels of six microRNAs (miR-10b, -21, -93, -107, - 143, and -145) were examined in 67 tumor tissues and 67 paired adjacent gastric tissues, and correlated with clinicopathological features of GC patients.
RESULTS: Expression levels of miR-10b, miR-21, miR-93, and miR-107 were significantly higher in GC samples compared to non-tumor tissue. Furthermore, the expression levels of miR-10b, miR-143, and miR-145 positively correlated with advanced stages, and increased expression of miR-10b, miR-21 and miR-145 was significantly associated with worse prognosis of gastric cancer patients.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that selected tissue microRNAs have the potential to serve as relevant diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of GC in a central European population.

Ru Q, Li WL, Xiong Q, et al.
Voltage-gated potassium channel blocker 4-aminopyridine induces glioma cell apoptosis by reducing expression of microRNA-10b-5p.
Mol Biol Cell. 2018; 29(9):1125-1136 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv channels) were associated with regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis in tumor cells. Our previous study proved that the Kv channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) could inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in glioma. However, the precise mechanisms were not clear yet. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that act as key mediators in the progression of tumor, so the aim of this study was to investigate the role of miRNAs in the apoptosis-promoting effect of 4-AP in glioma cells. Using a microRNA array, we found that 4-AP altered the miRNA expression in glioma cells, and the down-regulation of miR-10b-5p induced by 4-AP was verified by real-time PCR. Transfection of miR-10b-5p mimic significantly inhibited 4-AP-induced caspases activation and apoptosis. Moreover, we verified that apoptosis-related molecule Apaf-1 was the direct target of miR-10b-5p. Furthermore, miR-10b-5p mimic significantly inhibited 4-AP-induced up-regulation of Apaf-1 and its downstream apoptosis-related proteins, such as cleaved caspase-3. In conclusion, Kv channel blocker 4-AP may exert its anti-tumor effect by down-regulating the expression of miR-10b-5p and then raised expression of Apaf-1 and its downstream apoptosis-related proteins. Current data provide evidence that miRNAs play important roles in Kv channels-mediated cell proliferation and apoptosis.

Li D, Zhang Y, Zhang H, et al.
CADM2, as a new target of miR-10b, promotes tumor metastasis through FAK/AKT pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2018; 37(1):46 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Cell adhesion molecules (CADMs) comprise of a protein family whose functions include maintenance of cell polarity and tumor suppression. Hypo-expression of CADM2 gene expression has been observed in several cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role and mechanisms of CADM2 in HCC remain unclear.
METHODS: The expression of CADM2 and miRNA-10b (miR-10b) in HCC tissues and cell lines were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting. Immunofluorescence was used to detect Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression in HCC cell lines. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to determine miR-10b binding to CADM2 3'UTR. Wound healing assay and Transwell assay were performed to examine the migration and invasion of HCC cells.
RESULTS: We report the effect of CADM2 as a tumor suppressor in HCC. Firstly, we confirmed that CADM2 expression was significantly down regulated in HCC tissues compared to normal tissues according to TCGA data analysis and fresh HCC sample detection. Secondly, overexpression of CADM2 could inhibit EMT process, migratory and invasion ability of HCC cells. Furthermore, the results indicated that CADM2 is a direct target of miR-10b in HCC cells and miR-10b/CADM2 modulates EMT process and migration ability via focal adhesion kinase (FAK) /AKT signaling pathway in HCC.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that miR-10b-CADM2-FAK/AKT axis plays an important role in HCC metastasis, which might be a novel potential therapeutic option for HCC treatment.

Dai G, Yao X, Zhang Y, et al.
Colorectal cancer cell-derived exosomes containing miR-10b regulate fibroblast cells via the PI3K/Akt pathway.
Bull Cancer. 2018; 105(4):336-349 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) contribute to the proliferation of colorectal cancer(CRC) cells. However, the mechanism by which CAFs develop in the tumor microenvironment remains unknown. Exosomes may be involved in activating CAFs.
METHODS: Using a miRNA expression profiling array, we determined the miRNA expression profile of secretory exosomes in CRC cells and then identified potential miRNAs with significant differential expression compared to normal cells via enrichment analysis. Predicted targets of candidate miRNAs were then assessed via bioinformatics analysis. Realtime qPCR, western blot, and cell cycle analyses were performed to evaluate the role of candidate exosomal miRNAs. Luciferase reporter assays were applied to confirm whether candidate exosomal miRNAs control target pathway expression. A CRC xenograft mouse model was constructed to evaluate tumor growth in vivo.
RESULTS: Exosomes from CRC cells contained significantly higher levels of miR-10b than did exosomes from normal colorectal epithelial cells. Moreover, exosomes containing miR-10b were transferred to fibroblasts. Bioinformatics analysis identified PIK3CA, as a potential target of miR-10b. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed that miR-10b directly inhibited PIK3CA expression. Co-culturing fibroblasts with exosomes containing miR-10b significantly suppressed PIK3CA expression and decreased PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway activity. Finally, exosomes containing miR-10b reduced fibroblast proliferation but promoted expression of TGF-β and SM α-actin, suggesting that exosomal miR-10b may activate fibroblasts to become CAFs that express myofibroblast markers. These activated fibroblasts were able to promote CRC growth in vitro and in vivo.
CONCLUSION: CRC-derived exosomes actively promote disease progression by modulating surrounding stromal cells, which subsequently acquire features of CAFs.

Alunni-Fabbroni M, Majunke L, Trapp EK, et al.
Whole blood microRNAs as potential biomarkers in post-operative early breast cancer patients.
BMC Cancer. 2018; 18(1):141 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
BACKGROUND: microRNAs (miRNAs) are considered promising cancer biomarkers, showing high reliability, sensitivity and stability. Our study aimed to identify associations between whole blood miRNA profiles, presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and clinical outcome in post-operative early breast cancer patients (EBC) to assess the utility of miRNAs as prognostic markers in this setting.
METHOD: A total of 48 post-operative patients, recruited in frame of the SUCCESS A trial, were included in this retrospective study and tested with a panel of 8 miRNAs (miR-10b, -19a, - 21, - 22, -20a, - 127, - 155, -200b). Additional 17 female healthy donors with no previous history of cancer were included in the study as negative controls. Blood samples were collected at different time points (pre-adjuvant therapy, post-adjuvant therapy, 2 years follow up), total RNA was extracted and the relative concentration of each miRNA was measured by quantitative PCR and compared in patients stratified on blood collection time or CTC detection. Furthermore, we compared miRNA profiles of patients, for each time point separately, and healthy donors. CTCs were visualized and quantified with immunocytochemistry analysis. Data were analyzed using non-parametric statistical tests.
RESULTS: In our experimental system, miR-19a, miR-22 and miR-127 showed the most promising results, differentiating patients at different time points and from healthy controls, while miR-20a, miR-21 and miR-200b did not show any difference among the different groups. miR-10b and miR-155 were never detectable in our experimental system. With respect to patients' clinical characteristics, we found a significant correlation between miR-200b and lymph node status and between miR-20a and tumor type. Furthermore, miR-127 correlated with the presence of CTCs. Finally, we found a borderline significance between Progression Free Survival and miR-19a levels.
CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study suggests that profiling whole blood miRNAs could help to better stratify post-operative EBC patients without any sign of metastasis to prevent later relapse or metastatic events.

Zhang J, Yang J, Zhang X, et al.
MicroRNA-10b expression in breast cancer and its clinical association.
PLoS One. 2018; 13(2):e0192509 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA molecules that play a significant role in many types of cancers including breast cancer. In the current study, we evaluated the expression levels of microR-10b (miR-10b) in 115 breast cancer patients from Sichuan Cancer Center. Real time reverse transcription-PCR was used to assess miR-10b expression. Clinical data including disease stage, survival status, age, ER/PR/HER2 status, molecular subtypes, tumor size, lymph node status and Ki-67 expression levels were correlated with miR-10b expression levels. Our data showed that the miR-10b expression is correlated with disease stage, living status and tumor sizes. We also found that miR-10b expression levels are higher in the lymph node positive group and the Ki-67 higher scoring group (score > 20). No statistically significant differences were observed based on age or molecular sub-type grouping. In conclusion, miR-10b may be a biomarker for breast cancer and is a potential treatment target.

Lundberg IV, Wikberg ML, Ljuslinder I, et al.
MicroRNA Expression in
Anticancer Res. 2018; 38(2):677-683 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIM: KRAS and BRAF are two genes commonly mutated in colorectal cancer (CRC). Even though BRAF is a downstream target of KRAS in the MAPK signalling pathway, KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs are found to display several different clinical and histopathological features. We investigated whether a differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) could explain the clinicopathological differences seen between KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a PCR array, we analyzed the expression of 84 different miRNAs in CRC cell lines wild-type in KRAS and BRAF, or mutated in KRAS or BRAF.
RESULTS: Ten miRNAs were selected for further analyses in tumor tissue specimens (let-7a, let-7i, miR-10a, miR-10b, miR-31, miR-100, miR-181a, miR-181b, miR-372, and miR-373). BRAF-mutated tumors were found to express significantly higher levels of miR-31 as well as significantly lower levels of miR-373, compared to wild-type tumors.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs may have different miRNA signatures compared to CRC tumors wild-type in KRAS and BRAF. However, no difference in expression levels between KRAS- and BRAF-mutated tumors was evident for the miRNAs analyzed in this study.

Zhang TJ, Guo H, Zhou JD, et al.
Bone marrow miR-10a overexpression is associated with genetic events but not affects clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukemia.
Pathol Res Pract. 2018; 214(1):169-173 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: Accumulating studies have linked the disruptions of microRNA-10 (miR-10) to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with NPM1 mutation. However, miR-10 expression and its clinical implication in AML remain poorly defined. Although a recent report showed high serum level of miR-10a was associated with adverse prognosis in AML, herein, we found bone marrow (BM) miR-10 overexpression was not a prognostic biomarker in AML.
METHODS: BM miR-10 expression was examined by real-time quantitative PCR in BM mononuclear cells in 115 de novo AML patients and 45 controls.
RESULTS: BM miR-10 (miR-10a/b) expression was significantly up-regulated in AML patients, and was positively correlated with each other. Overexpression of miR-10a was associated with lower percentage of BM blasts, whereas miR-10b overexpression tended to correlate with higher percentage of BM blasts. Importantly, miR-10a overexpression was significantly associated with FAB-M3/t(15;17) subtypes and NPM1 mutation, meanwhile, overexpression of miR-10b was correlated with NPM1 and DNMT3A mutations. However, miR-10a/b overexpression was not associated with complete remission rate, and did not have an impact on both leukemia free survival and overall survival time in non-M3 AML patients without NPM1 mutation.
CONCLUSIONS: BM miR-10 overexpression is associated with genetic events but not affects clinical outcome in AML.

Roberto GM, Engel EE, Scrideli CA, et al.
Downregulation of miR-10B* is correlated with altered expression of mitotic kinases in osteosarcoma.
Pathol Res Pract. 2018; 214(2):213-216 [PubMed] Related Publications
Dysregulated mitotic kinases have frequently been associated with cancer. Changes in their expression might result from diverse mechanisms including avoidance of the tight regulation exerted by miRNAs. Herein we show that miR-10b* is downregulated in osteosarcoma samples and demonstrate its correlation with PLK1, PLK4, BUB1, and BUBR1, which are strongly intercorrelated. The selection of miRNAs that coordinately target and regulate multiple members of cancer-related pathways are particularly advantageous to tumors. Thus, even though no associations with clinical parameters were found, our data place miR-10b* as a tumor suppressor that might contribute to guarantee genomic stability, deserving further functional confirmation.

Shi Y, Ye P, Long X
Differential Expression Profiles of the Transcriptome in Breast Cancer Cell Lines Revealed by Next Generation Sequencing.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2017; 44(2):804-816 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIMS: As MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells are the typical cell lines of two clinical breast tumour subtypes, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the transcriptome differences between MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines.
METHODS: The mRNA, miRNA (MicroRNA) and lncRNA (Long non-coding RNA) expression profiles were examined using NGS (next generation sequencing) instrument Illumina HiSeq-2500. GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analyses were performed to identify the biological functions of differentially expressed coding RNAs. Subsequently, we constructed an mRNA-ncRNA (non-coding RNA) targeting regulatory network. Finally, we performed RT-qPCR (real-time quantitative PCR) to confirm the NGS results.
RESULTS: There are sharp distinctions of the coding and non-coding RNA profiles between MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. Among the mRNAs and ncRNAs with the most differential expression, SLPI, SOD2, miR-7, miR-143 and miR-145 were highly expressed in MCF-7 cells, while CD55, KRT17, miR-21, miR-10b, miR-9, NEAT1 and PICSAR were over-expressed in MDA-MB-231 cells. Differentially expressed mRNAs are primarily involved in biological processes of locomotion, biological adhesion, ECM-receptor interaction pathway and focal adhesion. In the targeting regulatory network of differentially expressed RNAs, mRNAs and miRNAs are primarily associated with tumour metastasis, but the functions of lncRNAs remain uncharacterized.
CONCLUSION: These results provide a basis for future studies of breast cancer metastasis and drug resistance.

Yin S, Bleul T, Zhu Y, et al.
MiRNAs are Unlikely to be Involved in Retinoid Receptor Gene Regulation in Pancreatic Cancer Cells.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2017; 44(2):644-656 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Retinoid receptors and retinoic acid were reported to be down-regulated in pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDAC) compared to normal pancreas. Yet the mechanism of the down-regulation of retinoid receptors is not well defined. The aim of this study was to find out whether selected dysregulated miRNAs in PDAC are responsible for the decreased level of retinoid receptors.
METHODS: Bioinformatics, real-time PCR, western blot analysis as well as molecular manipulation with miRNA in cells of PDAC were carried out.
RESULTS: We first performed bioinformatics research to identify conserved target sequences for deregulated miRNAs within the 3'UTR region of retinoid receptor mRNA. This research revealed binding sites for miR-138, -27a, -27b, -206, -613, -9-5p, -27a/b-3p and -27a. Next, we investigated the expression of selected retinoid receptors and miRNAs in PDAC cell lines and in the Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial (HPDE) cell line. Further, we investigated the effects of modifying expression levels of selected miRNAs using miRNA inhibitors or mimics. We demonstrated that none of these miRNAs can target the selected retinoid receptors in vitro.
CONCLUSIONS: miR-27a, miR-27b, miR-9, miR10a and miR-10b were up-regulated in PDAC cells compared to HPDE cells. The up-regulation of these miRNAs was not responsible for the down-regulation of RARα, RARβ, RXRα and RXRβ in PDAC cells.

Huang Q, Song Q, Zhong W, et al.
MicroRNA-10b and the clinical outcomes of various cancers: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Clin Chim Acta. 2017; 474:14-22 [PubMed] Related Publications
BACKGROUND: The impact of miR-10b expression on the survival outcome of patients with cancers is still controversial.
METHOD AND MATERIALS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine its implication on the survival of cancer patients. We carried out an electrical literature search to identify the eligible studies published in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase together with the Chinese databases.
RESULT: In total, 28 studies of 23 articles enrolling 3134 patients were included for this meta-analysis, of which 25 studies reported overall survival (OS), 4 studies evaluated recurrence-free survival (RFS) and 3 studies were related to disease-free survival (DFS). As a result, this meta-analysis revealed that up-regulation of miR-10b could confer an unfavorable factor for OS (HR=1.853, 95% CIs: 1.521-2.258, P<0.01) but not DFS (HR=1.309, 95% CIs: 0.699-2.453, P=0.4) or RFS (HR=2.692, 95% CIs: 0.877-8.265, P=0.084). Additionally, further analysis also suggested that overexpression of miR-10b predicted the shorter OS for the patient with different types of cancers, which contained lung cancer, breast cancer, glioma, colorectal cancer and gastric carcinoma. Subgroup analyses were also conducted according the region, sample size, system and miR-10b detection assay and statistical method.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that augmented expression of miR-10b strongly predicts poor prognosis for patients with cancers.

Sasmita AO, Wong YP, Ling APK
Biomarkers and therapeutic advances in glioblastoma multiforme.
Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. 2018; 14(1):40-51 [PubMed] Related Publications
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a malignant tumor within the brain. Generally classified as primary and secondary with several different subtypes, ample molecular biomarkers have risen throughout the years which have garnered the attention of researchers. The advancements in genomics and proteomics have allowed researchers to gather prominent molecular biomarkers. All these biomarkers are gathered by means of biopsy or bodily fluid sample collection and are quantitatively analyzed by polymerase chain reaction coupled with other computational technologies. This review highlights the significance, regulation and prevalence of molecular biomarkers such as O

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