Gene Summary

Gene:RNF213; ring finger protein 213
Aliases: ALO17, MYMY2, MYSTR, NET57, C17orf27, KIAA1618
Summary:This gene encodes a protein containing a C3HC4-type RING finger domain, which is a specialized type of Zn-finger that binds two atoms of zinc and is thought to be involved in mediating protein-protein interactions. The protein also contains an AAA domain, which is associated with ATPase activity. This gene is a susceptibility gene for Moyamoya disease, a vascular disorder of intracranial arteries. This gene is also a translocation partner in anaplastic large cell lymphoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor cases, where a t(2;17)(p23;q25) translocation has been identified with the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene on chromosome 2, and a t(8;17)(q24;q25) translocation has been identified with the MYC gene on chromosome 8. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2011]
Databases:OMIM, VEGA, HGNC, Ensembl, GeneCard, Gene
Protein:E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RNF213
Source:NCBIAccessed: 17 August, 2015


What does this gene/protein do?
Show (10)

Cancer Overview

Research Indicators

Publications Per Year (1990-2015)
Graph generated 17 August 2015 using data from PubMed using criteria.

Literature Analysis

Mouse over the terms for more detail; many indicate links which you can click for dedicated pages about the topic.

  • Western Blotting
  • Oncogene Fusion Proteins
  • Adolescents
  • ALK
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • PTPRZ1 protein, human
  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Signal Transduction
  • Brain Tumours
  • Introns
  • Chromosome 17
  • Glioblastoma
  • Granuloma, Plasma Cell
  • Lumbosacral Region
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Abdomen
  • Translocation
  • Temozolomide
  • HEK293 Cells
  • oncoprotein CLTCL-ALK
  • Head and Neck Cancers
  • Moyamoya Disease
  • Base Sequence
  • cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
  • Neurofibromatosis 1
  • MET protein, human
  • Brain Stem Glioma, Childhood
  • Cancer Gene Expression Regulation
  • Infant
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Proteins
  • c-MET
  • Dacarbazine
  • Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic
  • Young Adult
Tag cloud generated 17 August, 2015 using data from PubMed, MeSH and CancerIndex

Specific Cancers (4)

Data table showing topics related to specific cancers and associated disorders. Scope includes mutations and abnormal protein expression.

Note: list is not exhaustive. Number of papers are based on searches of PubMed (click on topic title for arbitrary criteria used).

Latest Publications: RNF213 (cancer-related)

Bao ZS, Chen HM, Yang MY, et al.
RNA-seq of 272 gliomas revealed a novel, recurrent PTPRZ1-MET fusion transcript in secondary glioblastomas.
Genome Res. 2014; 24(11):1765-73 [PubMed] Free Access to Full Article Related Publications
Studies of gene rearrangements and the consequent oncogenic fusion proteins have laid the foundation for targeted cancer therapy. To identify oncogenic fusions associated with glioma progression, we catalogued fusion transcripts by RNA-seq of 272 gliomas. Fusion transcripts were more frequently found in high-grade gliomas, in the classical subtype of gliomas, and in gliomas treated with radiation/temozolomide. Sixty-seven in-frame fusion transcripts were identified, including three recurrent fusion transcripts: FGFR3-TACC3, RNF213-SLC26A11, and PTPRZ1-MET (ZM). Interestingly, the ZM fusion was found only in grade III astrocytomas (1/13; 7.7%) or secondary GBMs (sGBMs, 3/20; 15.0%). In an independent cohort of sGBMs, the ZM fusion was found in three of 20 (15%) specimens. Genomic analysis revealed that the fusion arose from translocation events involving introns 3 or 8 of PTPRZ and intron 1 of MET. ZM fusion transcripts were found in GBMs irrespective of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation status. sGBMs harboring ZM fusion showed higher expression of genes required for PIK3CA signaling and lowered expression of genes that suppressed RB1 or TP53 function. Expression of the ZM fusion was mutually exclusive with EGFR overexpression in sGBMs. Exogenous expression of the ZM fusion in the U87MG glioblastoma line enhanced cell migration and invasion. Clinically, patients afflicted with ZM fusion harboring glioblastomas survived poorly relative to those afflicted with non-ZM-harboring sGBMs (P < 0.001). Our study profiles the shifting RNA landscape of gliomas during progression and reveled ZM as a novel, recurrent fusion transcript in sGBMs.

Zhou JB, Zhang T, Wang BF, et al.
Identification of a novel gene fusion RNF213‑SLC26A11 in chronic myeloid leukemia by RNA-Seq.
Mol Med Rep. 2013; 7(2):591-7 [PubMed] Related Publications
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was the first hematological malignancy to be associated with a specific genetic lesion. The Philadelphia translocation, producing a BCR‑ABL hybrid oncogene, is the most common mechanism of CML development. However, in the present study, b3a2, b2a2 and ela2 fusion junctions of the breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-V-abl Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (ABL) gene were not detected in patients diagnosed with CML three and four years previously. RNA-Seq technology, with an average coverage of ~30‑fold, was used to detect gene fusion events in a patient with a 6-year history of CML, identified to be in the chronic phase of the disease. Using deFuse and TopHat‑fusion programs with improved filtering methods, we identified two reliable gene fusions in a blood sample obtained from the CML patient, including extremely low expression levels of the classic BCR‑ABL1 gene fusion. In addition, a novel gene fusion involving the ring finger protein 213 (RNF213)-solute carrier family 26, member 11 (SLC26A11) was identified and validated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Further bioinformatic analysis revealed that specific domains of SLC26A11 were damaged, which may affect the function of sulfate transportation of the normal gene. The present study demonstrated that, in specific cases, alternative gene fusions, besides BCR‑ABL, may be associated with the development of CML.

Moritake H, Shimonodan H, Marutsuka K, et al.
C-MYC rearrangement may induce an aggressive phenotype in anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma: Identification of a novel fusion gene ALO17/C-MYC.
Am J Hematol. 2011; 86(1):75-8 [PubMed] Related Publications
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is usually associated with a favorable prognosis. We describe an 11-year-old girl patient with ALK positive ALCL bearing t(2;5)(p23;q35) and t(8;17)(q24;q25) translocations who had an aggressive clinical course despite various combinations of intensive chemotherapy. Southern blot analysis identified C-MYC rearrangement. Immunohistochemistry and Northern and Western blot analyses revealed cmyc overexpression. A new fusion between ALO17 (ALK lymphoma oligomerization partner on chromosome 17) and C-MYC was identified by the 50-rapid amplification of cDNA ends. This new fusion may have possibly provoked the poor prognosis in this patient with ALK positive ALCL, and C-MYC rearrangement may indicate poor prognosis in ALCL.

Lamant L, Gascoyne RD, Duplantier MM, et al.
Non-muscle myosin heavy chain (MYH9): a new partner fused to ALK in anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2003; 37(4):427-32 [PubMed] Related Publications
In anaplastic large cell lymphoma, the ALK gene at 2p23 is known to be fused to NPM, TPM3, TPM4, TFG, ATIC, CLTC, MSN, and ALO17. All of these translocations result in the expression of chimeric ALK transcripts that are translated into fusion proteins with tyrosine kinase activity and oncogenic properties. We report a case showing a restricted cytoplasmic staining pattern of ALK and a novel chromosomal abnormality, t(2;22)(p23;q11.2), demonstrated by fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. The result of 5' RACE analysis showed that the ALK gene was fused in-frame to a portion of the non-muscle myosin heavy chain gene, MYH9. Nucleotide sequence of the MYH9-ALK chimeric cDNA revealed that the ALK breakpoint was different from all those previously reported. It is localized in the same exonic sequence as MSN-ALK, but 6 bp downstream, resulting in an in-frame fusion of the two partner proteins. In contrast to the previously reported ALK fusion proteins, MYH9-ALK may lack a functional oligomerization domain. However, biochemical analysis showed that the new fusion protein is tyrosine phosphorylated in vivo but seems to lack tyrosine kinase activity in vitro. If further investigations confirm this latter result, the in vivo tyrosine phosphorylation of MYH9-ALK protein could involve mechanisms different from those described in the other ALK hybrid proteins.

Cools J, Wlodarska I, Somers R, et al.
Identification of novel fusion partners of ALK, the anaplastic lymphoma kinase, in anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2002; 34(4):354-62 [PubMed] Related Publications
ALK-positive anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) has been recognized as a distinct type of lymphoma in the heterogeneous group of T/Null-ALCL. While most of the ALK-positive ALCL (ALKomas) are characterized by the presence of the NPM-ALK fusion protein, the product of the t(2;5)(p23;q35), 10-20% of ALKomas contain variant ALK fusions, including ATIC-ALK, TFG-ALK, CLTC-ALK (previously designated CLTCL-ALK), TMP3-ALK, and MSN-ALK. TMP3-ALK and TMP4-ALK fusions also have been detected in inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs), making clear that aberrations of the ALK gene are not associated exclusively with the pathogenesis of ALK-positive ALCL. Here we report results of molecular studies on two lymphoma cases and one IMT case with variant rearrangements of ALK. Our study led to the detection of the CLTC-ALK fusion in an ALCL case and to the identification of two novel fusion partners of ALK: ALO17 (KIAA1618), a gene with unknown function, which was fused to ALK in an ALCL case with a t(2;17)(p23;q25), and CARS, encoding the cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase, which was fused to ALK in an IMT case with a t(2;11;2)(p23;p15;q31). These results confirm the recurrent involvement of ALK in IMT and further demonstrate the diversity of ALK fusion partners, with the ability to homodimerize as a common characteristic.

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Cite this page: Cotterill SJ. ALO17, Cancer Genetics Web: http://www.cancer-genetics.org/ALO17.htm Accessed:

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